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做一只优秀的领头羊(英汉对照)  

2012-09-02 19:22:15|  分类: 励志 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 To be an excellent leader

                                                                                             文/徐希明   译/张金涛

 

在和平的、民主的社会中,领袖是选举产生的,比如各国的总统就是由选民投票选举产生。

In a peaceful, democratic society, leaders are elected by people. For example, president in a country is elected by the voters of the country.

在世袭的社会中,领袖是世袭的、任命的,比如封建社会的帝王、诸侯。社会性昆虫蜜蜂中的蜂王、蚂蚁中的蚁王也是如此。

In the hereditary society, leaders can be inherited and appointed such as the emperors and lords in a feudal society. So are the queen bees and ants among social insects.

那么,其他非社会性的动物,领袖是如何产生的呢?草原上的一群狼,他们中间的领头狼靠的是实力:谁最强壮、谁最凶狠,谁就是王。

But how are leaders of non-social animals selected? There are a pack of wolves on the prairie. Their leader is selected by the power: the leader always is the strongest and fiercest one!

但对于一群温柔的绵羊,领头羊又是如何产生的呢?我们可能看到许多领头羊是最高大的。其实我们看到的只是表面现象。严格的说他是最勇敢的、最智慧的、最敢于承担责任的。如果他不足够勇敢、不敢于承担责任,既使个体再大,也不能成为领袖。

But how are the leaders selected among a group of gentle sheep? We may find that a lot of great leaders are the tallest. However, in fact we only see the surface. Strictly speaking, the leader should be the bravest and wisest and have the courage to assume responsibility. If he isn’t brave enough or dare not take on responsibility, he can never be a leader even if he is taller than others.

你注意到没有?数量再小的羊群,哪怕只有两只,也有一只领头羊。如果把几只普通的羊从羊群中分离出来,独立放到一个新的环境中,很快就会重新产生一只领头羊。这只领头羊在原来的羊群中或许只是一只普通的羊;只是在新的环境下,才脱颖而出。这只领头羊不是选举产生的,也不是任命的。他的个体不一定最大,年龄也不一定最大;但在这个小群体中,他一定最勇敢、最敢于承担责任。其他羊一切看他的行动,自愿接受他的领导。

Have you ever noticed that even a small number of sheep, even two, have a leader? If you separate a few ordinary sheep from the flock and put them in a new environment, they will soon have a new leader. The leader maybe used to be an ordinary sheep, but only in a new environment can he come to the fore. The leader is neither selected nor appointed, he may be not necessarily the biggest or the oldest, but in the small flock, he must brave the most and have the most courage to take on responsibility. All the other sheep are willing to follow him and voluntarily accept his leadership.

在食物缺乏的时候,是领头羊带领羊群去寻找绿洲;当冬天到来时,是领头羊带领羊群向高山迁徙;当危险来临的时候,是领头羊挺身而出,凛然面对强敌!

When they lack food, it is the leader who leads the sheep looking for an oasis; when winter arrives, it is the leader who leads them to the mountains; when dangers approach, it is still the leader who comes forward and bravely faces the strong enemy!

你知道不知道戴高乐的故事?可能你只知道戴高乐是法国总统。你知道他是怎样成为法国总统的吗?二战初期,法国沦陷,戴高乐流亡英国。他在英国电台高呼:“我是戴高乐,我们一定要坚持战斗,请听从我的指挥!”当时他是一名普通的将军。有人笑话他:“你自己逃跑的最快,有什么资格指挥其他人!”在当时法国还有许多比戴高乐著名的高级将领、政府高官也逃到英国,但他们一直保持沉默。戴高乐是勇敢的,是敢于承担责任的。

Have you ever known Charles de Gaulle? Maybe what you only know is that he was a French president. Do you know how he became the president? In the early period of WWⅡ, after the fall of French, he was forced into exile in Britain. He gave a famous radio address exhorting the French people to resist Nazi Germany, “I’m Charles de Gaulle. We must insist on fighting, please listen to my command!” At that time, he was an ordinary general. Some people laughed at him, “As a good deserter, do you have any title to command others?!” a lot of well-known high-ranking officers, senior government officials had also fled to the United Kingdom, but they remained silent. Charles de Gaulle was brave and bold enough to assume responsibility.

在戴高乐的号召下,法国军队又渐渐集结,由原来的各自为战转变为统一指挥下的协同作战,战斗力大大增强。对于法国战局的扭转,戴高乐功不可没。二战胜利后,戴高乐理所当然成为法国的总统。

At the call of him, the French army gradually assembled from the fragmentation into a unified command. The combat effectiveness of the troops increased greatly. For the reverse situation in France, Charles de Gaulle contributed a lot. After the victory of World War II, it was quite natural that Charles de Gaulle became President.

当你和几名同学过马路时,你是否能主动地指挥其他同学安全通过?在困难面前你是否敢于承担责任?

When you cross the road with several classmates, can you take the initiative to direct the safe passage of other students? Do you have the courage to take on responsibility when you face difficult situation?

当老师不在的时候、当班主任不在的时候,在这特殊的时刻,你是如何表现的?当班级秩序需要维护,当宿舍秩序需要维护,你是否敢大胆的站出来?不要说:我不是班长,我不是班干部。这种观点是可悲的,你失去了进步的机会,你丧失了成为领袖的机会!

How do you behave when your class teacher or your teachers are not in? When your class or dormitory should be kept in order, do you dare to bravely step forward? Never to say you are not the monitor or class cadres. This kind of view is woeful because you will lose the opportunity to progress and the opportunity to become a leader!

当地上有一块纸屑时,你是否能主动捡起?不要问:谁扔的?今天谁值日?你应该做的是捡起纸屑。如果捡起纸屑而内心感到特别痛苦,这是很可怕的,因为捡起纸屑并没对你有多大的伤害,举手之劳而已;对你造成伤害的恰恰是你的内心的不平衡。如果你有这种感觉,请尽快克服,这可不是小事。不然,它会成为你成长道路上的绊脚石,甚至影响你的人生!

If there is a piece of paper, can you take the initiative to pick it up? Never to ask who did it or who is on duty. What you should only do is to pick it up. It is awful if you feel painful in your deep heart only because of picking a piece of paper, l. It is not harmful but a little effort to pick it up. This kind of feeling precisely reveals the imbalance in your inner world. If you have the feeling, please overcome it as soon as possible, which is not trivial. Otherwise, it will become a stumbling block on the road, and even affect your life!

还是从我们的身边的小事做起吧!一屋不扫,何以扫天下?

Let’s begin from the small matters around us. If one doesn't start by sweeping his room, how can he sweep to victory globally?

 

从身边的小事做起,从细节做起!而且是自动、自发的!如果你能做到这一点,说明你有责任心、你很勇敢,你很优秀——你已经具备领导者的素质。若大难不幸再次降临,你将是下一个戴高乐!

Please begin automatically and spontaneously with little things and details around us. If you can do this, it shows that you are responsible, brave and excellent——you already have the quality of leadership. If disaster unfortunately comes again, you will be the next Charles de Gaulle!

 

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